(Persian for “bush.”) A pear-shaped figure used in the field of an all-over repeat layout. There are many versions of boteh from geometric to curvilinear and simple to complex. Boteh has been thought to symbolize a leaf, a bush, a flame, or a pinecone.
A group of palmettes that can be seen in all-over and medallion layouts as well in borders. This is frequently seen in rugs of Kashan, Esfahan, Mashad, Nain, and rugs of countries which copy Persian styles such as India, Pakistan and China.
A motif based on arabesque forms (intertwining leaves, stems, vines and blossoms).
(Persian for “flower, rose”) A motif in the shape of an octagon used in Turkoman rugs. Usually, one gul is repeated in an all-over layout.
The henna flower used as a motif mainly in Persian rugs such as Farahan and Joshaghan. This motif could be used in an all-over or medallion layout. Sometimes it is arranged in a diamond format as seen in Joshaghan rugs.
A motif consisting of a flower inside a diamond and curving leaves outside the diamond which are parallel to each side. This motif is commonly used in the field of an all-over layout. The leaves sometimes look similar to fish. Many versions of Herati pattern exist from geometric to curvilinear and simple to complex.